America is considered the world’s most mature democracy, which got independence in 1776 and we saw the first written constitution in the world. In this, people of European and African origin are citizens of America, even though there were many flaws in American democracy in history, but today we get to see the world’s most mature democracy.
Right to Information This is the most important right of citizens in a democracy, which is a sign of being a true democracy. If the democracy is not mature, then the rulers do not want to give this right to the people, but if the people are awakened, then they can get this right by pressurizing the ruler.
In this episode, the Right to Information in India was passed in the Parliament in 2005, which every day about 4500 RTIs are entered, so that the power of this law can be gauged, which makes it possible to keep an eye on the working of the government. But there are also allegations of misuse, due to which the officials are accused of blackmailing.
So here we will try to know about the Right to Information, see its history and see how it is used.
History of RTI Act –
Right to Information This law was found almost 58 years after India got independence from the British, which was passed by more than half of the member countries of the United Nations. This is a legal right of the people of the country, for which it is necessary to awaken the public and it is the right of the public to know whether the system of the country is working properly or not, under this law was brought in 2005.
The French Revolution and the establishment of the British Parliament were historical events for the democracy of the world, which changed the character of the world’s governance system and the monarchy system had to democratize its power, in which the right to information was seen in France and many other European countries. See you.
Its important beginning was in America in the right sense in the name of Information of Information Act in 1967, so that the people of the country get information about how the work is going on in the democratic system so that their fundamental rights can be protected. This law was passed in 2005 and in October this law came into force with the aim of bringing transparency and accountability in government work.
What is Right to Information ? –
In 1947, when the British gave independence to India, former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill made a controversial statement that the people of India are not capable of running the country on their own. There was a lot of criticism from India then, but there was also a reality in it which was that most of the people in the country did not understand what is freedom and what is called democracy.
Even today, when we see that for what elections are held, even well-educated people do not know about it, then we can guess the situation at that time. Therefore, if we look at the fundamental rights and the interpretation of democracy, then in the same way there is a social agreement between the people and the ruler, it is called democracy.
In which the public would have the right to know how the rulers are running the business of the country, but no legally detailed law was made till 2005. Therefore, this law was made on the guidelines of the United Nations, so that people will be able to know whether the government work is going on properly or not.
Back Ground of RTI Act –
Before this law was brought in 2005, no government wants to control itself, so it took a long time to bring this law in India. Corruption in the government system, delay in work and the economy running in loss, in this India’s democracy was fighting a crisis.
The United Nations had given guiding instructions to all the member countries to bring this right to information law in their respective countries, according to that this was the basic reason for transparency and accountability in the democratic system. But many countries were not going to be ready for this so easily, but India had made this law because of some of its compulsions or because of other reasons.
Even today the people of the country are not so awake for their rights and rights, so the ruler is seen so strong who is a servant of the people, but is behaving like a master and so many movements were not done in the society for this law. That he should force the government.
Important issues of the Right to Information Act –
- Under the Right to Information, any citizen of the country can get information from any government organization.
- Right to Information In this law, the organizations which are run with private money have not been kept.
- This law was brought so that the accountability of the government should be towards the public and all government behavior should be transparent.
- The right to speak and the right to live among the fundamental rights is protected by this law.
- In matters relating to the security of the country, information has been kept out of this law.
- The Information Commission has been established under this law for the Center and the states, in which the appointments of the Right to Public Information and Additional Public Information Officers were made.
- Interpretation of information – records, documents, memos, emails, consultations, press publications, circulars, orders, workbooks, contracts, reports, papers, samples, models, information in electronic form, etc.
What is not in Right to Information –
- The information which is important issues like independence, integrity, unity, security, economic and scientific interest of the country has been kept out of this law.
- If it appears that the information can be used illegally, then it is not obliged to give that information.
- The information from which there is a special violation of the powers of the Parliament and the State Legislatures.
- Items covered under Intellectual Property
- Personal information is kept safe here.
- Intelligence organizations like IB, RAW, NSG have been kept out of the RTI Act.
Process of RTI Application –
The process of RTI application is online, for which one has to click on the official website of RTI application, and under the given process, you can get any information from any government organization in the country.
- RTI Website link
- Click on “SUBMIT REQUEST” option
- GUIDELINE PROCEDURE WILL APPEAR TO READ AND CLICK CLICK ON THE “SUBMIT” BUTTON CLICK TO ACCEPT.
- After this “ONLINE RTI REQUEST FORM” will be open which has to be uploaded by uploading the filled documents and clicking on “SUBMIT”.
- The applicant who is at the lower level of the poverty line, after clicking on this option, the RTI application does not have to pay the fee, the other applicant has to pay the fee under the law.
- After the submission of the application, a unique registration number is generated which has to be kept for future reference.
Misuse of RTI Act (Facts) –
It is said that in many cases such applications are made, which wastes the time and money of the government. It is said that many applications are made to do this blackmailing, to understand the reality in this, one has to go to the root of the matter.
Ever since this law was passed, almost 4800 applications are made for Right to Information everyday. In this, we get to hear many murders in the newspaper. A huge anti-corruption movement was launched in India’s system before 2014 and we saw a change in power.
Government changes, but corruption does not reduce in the system, all citizens think that corruption should be reduced, but our problem is that our democracy has not become mature enough to control this system, so we see that political parties find themselves in this It has succeeded in keeping it out of the law, indicating that democracy has yet to develop much.
Bureaucrats and politics work together in this crime, and due to the public not being so mature, how much change has happened even after passing this law, it is a matter of the amendment.
Findings of RTI Law and Judiciary –
Here we will not discuss about any case law, but generally trying to tell about the observations made by the court while giving its decision. In which it has been found that many cases of blackmailing are seen in many cases.
“RTI ACTIVIST” This has become a profession in a society that government officials are afraid of, this fact we get to see in many government organizations. In which many activists do the work of intimidation and intimidation and do the work of collecting money.
Our problem is that the judicial system is also afraid of coming under the RTI law, where there is no corruption, that system does not need to be afraid of this law, but if it happens then understand that there is corruption. Therefore, to make proper use of this law, honest people of the society have to come forward.
Corruption in the government system is a proof of the failure of the society and in the election process unaccounted money is used from where the corruption starts. It has become a visual cycle under which the poor and their compulsion pay the price. For this, it is necessary for the intellectuals of the society to take initiative so that RTI can prove the usefulness of this law and people can get justice.
Too much law and legal complexity is a sign of this immature democracy, this is what we get to see in the context of the citizens of India. America’s constitution is very short and the people there are more aware of democracy than India.
We have to understand that RTI law is misused and along with it there is corruption in the system. Corruption is not a problem of our democracy, it is a symptom of the root disease, which is inequality which is affected by caste religion.
Very few social workers use the RTI law for the good of the society and most of them do it to earn money by blackmailing government officials and political people, this reality should not be forgotten. But this does not mean that this law should be curtailed or this right should be curtailed.