Introduction for Police Panchanama-
Which section of Evidence Act deals with Panchnama?
The section of the Indian Evidence Act that deals with the panchnama is Section 103. Section 103 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872, states that when a search warrant is executed, the person executing it must make a list of the things seized and the places in which they were found. This list is known as the panchnama.
Here is the text of Section 103 of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872:
“103. The provisions of this Chapter as to the examination of witnesses shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to a search made under a warrant issued under section 94, and to any inventory made under either section, and the person in charge of the place searched shall, on his requisition, be furnished with a copy of the inventory, and a copy of the warrant, if any.”
It is important to note that the application and interpretation of this section may vary in different jurisdictions and case to case and practices followed by the relevant legal system or jurisdiction.
What is difference between Panchnama and FIR?
What are the types of Panchnama in criminal cases?
What is Panchnama under CrPC?
What is the purpose of conducting Panchanama?
The purpose of conducting a panchanama, also known as a seizure report or inventory report, serves several important functions in the context of criminal investigations. Here are some key purposes of conducting a panchanama:
- Documentation of Evidence: The primary purpose of a panchanama is to provide a detailed and accurate record of the items, property, or evidence seized by the police during a search or investigation. It documents the physical condition, description, and location of the seized items, ensuring an official inventory is maintained.
- Transparency and Accountability: Conducting a panchanama promotes transparency and accountability in the process of evidence handling. It establishes an official record that can be referred to and relied upon by various parties, including investigators, prosecutors, and the judiciary. This helps prevent potential tampering or unauthorized handling of evidence.
- Chain of Custody: The panchanama plays a crucial role in establishing and maintaining the chain of custody for the seized items. It documents the transfer of possession from the place of seizure to the custody of the investigating agency or the relevant authority. This ensures the integrity and admissibility of the evidence in court.
- Legal Compliance: The panchanama ensures compliance with legal procedures and safeguards the rights of the individuals involved. It serves as evidence that the search or seizure was conducted lawfully, in accordance with the applicable laws and regulations, and with proper authorization, such as search warrants.
- Supporting Investigation and Prosecution: The panchanama provides essential information and evidence to support the investigation and subsequent prosecution of the case. It helps investigators establish the link between the seized items and the alleged offense, contributing to the overall evidentiary strength of the case.
- Presentation in Court: The panchanama can be presented as evidence in court proceedings to support the prosecution’s case. It acts as a documented record of the seized items, enabling the court to assess their relevance, authenticity, and weight in deciding the outcome of the trial.
Overall, the purpose of conducting a panchanama is to ensure accurate documentation, maintain the integrity of seized evidence, comply with legal procedures, and support the investigation and prosecution of criminal cases while safeguarding the rights of the individuals involved.