John Austin was born on March 3, 1790, in Creeting Mill, Suffolk, England. He came from a family with legal and intellectual backgrounds. His father, a prosperous lawyer, had political connections, and his mother was the daughter of a prominent jurist. These family influences likely played a role in shaping Austin’s early interest in law and legal studies.
Austin received his early education at home, where he was tutored by his father and other private tutors. His education was comprehensive and included subjects such as Latin, Greek, mathematics, and philosophy. Austin demonstrated exceptional intellectual abilities from a young age, which paved the way for his later achievements in the field of law.
In 1808, at the age of 18, Austin entered the University of Oxford, where he studied at Balliol College. He pursued a classical education, focusing on Greek and Roman literature and philosophy. During his time at Oxford, Austin developed a reputation for his intellectual prowess and engagement in academic debates.
After completing his undergraduate studies, Austin pursued legal training and was called to the bar in 1818. He began his legal career as a barrister, but his interests soon turned towards legal theory and philosophy. Austin’s deep engagement with legal principles and his ambition to develop a scientific understanding of law led him to undertake extensive research and write influential works on jurisprudence.
Austin’s early life laid the foundation for his later scholarly achievements. His privileged upbringing, rigorous education, and exposure to legal and intellectual circles provided him with the necessary resources and opportunities to become one of the most influential legal philosophers of his time.
Who was inspiration of John Austin in his life?